Ramsons Allium ursinum L.

Common name: Ramsons

Latin name: Allium Ursinum L.

Other names: wild garlic, bear onion, spring onion, “levurda”

Description: Allium Ursinum L. is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Liliaceae family and has a specific garlic smell. In our country, it is found in moist forest meadows in mountain forests, usually above 1000 m above sea level. Ramsons blooms from April to June. The stem is erect, between 15 and 40 sm. high. The leaves are pointed at the tip, dark green above, light green below, with long petioles. The flowers are white, collected in an umbel at the top of the stem. The fruit is a three-celled pod with one seed in each cell. The seeds are black and ripen from May to July.

Used part of the plant: stems/leaves (Herba/Folia Allii Ursini), bulb (Bulbus Allii Ursini)

Collecting time: stalks/leaves are harvested during flowering in April-June, and bulbs are dug early, before flowering in April-May.

Content and properties: Ramsons is rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin PP, vitamin B1, vitamin B6, vitamin B9, as well as potassium, calcium, sulfur, fluorine, manganese, iodine, copper, iron, zinc and selenium, magnesium, sugars, etc. The herb contains an essential oil with the main ingredient vinyl sulfide, pipecolic acid, mucilaginous substances and the antibiotic allicin. The bulb contains polysaccharides, sulfur compounds, phenols, steroid glycosides, lectins, a number of fatty acids and many amino acids.

Healing action and application: All parts of the plant have medicinal properties, especially the bulb. Due to its rich medicinal content, wild garlic has antiasthmatic, antiseptic, choleretic, disinfecting, diaphoretic, expectorant, stimulating, antipyretic, antispasmodic, hypotonic, diuretic effects. Wild garlic (Allium Ursinum L.) is particularly effective in reducing high blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, reduces stomach pain and acts as a digestive tonic. The medicinal plant is used in the treatment of diarrhea, colic, indigestion and loss of appetite. An infusion of wild onion is used successfully for intestinal parasites and for making an enema. The herb/leaves is beneficial in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and emphysema.

Opportunities for offering upon specific request of the client:

Vesselino Ltd. offers their customers the plant in the following varieties:

• Leaf, stem (Folia/Herba Allii Ursini) - whole, crushed, cut to a certain size, in powdering form/flour.

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